Endemic species are those species that are found in the only geographical area. Endemic species can be found in a large area or a small area. They can be found in full continents or a part of a continent or in a single island, it depends upon the species and their habitat or in a single island.
Endemic species of india are important because they are a habitat restricted to a particular area due to climate change, urban development or other circumstances. Often a species is confined to a particular area because of their habitat. Like they get to eat the plants they need their only that can’t is found in any other area which makes them stick to that place only. They are also called native species because they are native to the place they live in.
Because of the area and inability to move to a new place these species are at a high risk to become endangered due to if any disease hits that place or if any other species enter the area and become a threat to the species.
1. Asiatic lion
Found: The Asiatic lion was first found in 1826 by the Austrian zoologist.
Location: Asiatic lions are found in the Gir forest, Gujrat.
Species: Asiatic lions and African lions are subspecies of the same species.
Habitat: The sanctuary and the surrounding areas are the only habitats supporting the Asiatic lion. The Asiatic lion now only exists as a single subpopulation.
Population: There are approximately 600 Asiatic lions left in the Gir Forest of Western India, their last remaining natural habitat.
Body: The approximate height of the species 90cm and their length may range from 200- 280cm. Their weight can range from 200 – 275kg. Adult lions have 30 teeth in total. Adult female lion has 4 breasts in total.
2. Nilgiri langur
Found: The Nilgiri langur was first found in 1829.
Location: The Nilgiri langur is a langur found in the Nilgiri Hills of the western ghats and many other hilly areas in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Species: It is a species of old world monkey endemic to south India.
Habitat: They like to live in the 940 and 6400ft above sea level. They prefer trees more for their habitat. They like to live in crowded areas and along with human beings.
Population: The population the Nilgiri langur is estimated to be 5,500 to 17,000 with half of the mature individuals.
Body: The species is measured between 18cm to 31cm from there face to the tail end. They can be weighed 8kg to 14 kg.
3. One-horned rhinoceros
Found: The one-horned rhinoceros were found in 1798.
Location: The one-horned rhinoceros are found in northern India and some southern parts of Nepal. They can also be found in the Indian subcontinent.
Species: The one-horned rhinoceros species is the largest species in the rhino species. There are many types of species black rhino, white Rhino, Sumatran rhino, etc.
Habitat: Indian rhinoceros are found in the floodplain grasslands, plain areas, and some hills.
Population: According to the last count in 2015 only 3755 rhinoceros are left in India. They are also added to the vulnerable species.
Body: The species are measured from 10feet to 12feet in length. Their weight can vary from 3500kg to 4800kg.
4. Mugger crocodile
Found: The mugger crocodile was found in 1831 by Rene Lesson.
Location: The mugger crocodiles are in the parts of southern Iran to the Indian subcontinent. They were also found in Bhutan and Myanmar bot now they are totally extinct from Bhutan and Myanmar.
Species: There are many species of mugger crocodile-like black caiman, American crocodile, etc.
Habitat: The mugger crocodile lives in freshwater habitats and can be found in the running river and lakes in many parts of India and they prefer slow-moving water bodies.
Population: There are only 2500 to 4500 mugger crocodiles left in India according to the last count held in 2015.
Body: It is a medium-sized crocodile. Their length is like 3 to 3.5m for males and for females in 2 to 2.5m. Their can weight can vary from 90 to 100kg.
5. White-rumped vulture
Found: The white-rumped vulture was found in 1876 be Peter coal.
Location: The white-rumped vulture is native to the south and southeast Asia which is India. It is on the verge to become endangered and they have been seen very less from the past few years.
Species: They have many species are Indian vulture, slender vulture, red-head vulture, etc.
Habitat: They often live in Gangetic plains of India and often seen nesting on the avenue trees in the large cities of the regions.
Population: According to the last count in 2017 only 9,500 mature individuals are left in India and they are very rarely seen by the people.
Body: Their weight can vary from 3kg to 3.75kg. They are 73-95cm in length. They don’t have feathers on their neck and head.
Found: The Blackbuck was found in 1756 by Duke stark.
Location: The Blackbuck are found in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. These were found in Bangladesh and Nepal but now they are extinct from Bangladesh and Nepal. The last population was seen in Bardia national park in Nepal.
Species: The Blackbuck has many species are Chital, Nilgai, Chinkara, Barasingha, etc.
Habitat: Blackbuck inhabits grassy plains and thinly forested areas where perennial water sources are available for its daily need to drink. They also prefer plain grasslands.
Population: According to the last count in 2015 only 8,600 mature individuals are left in India.
Body: It has a height of 74 to 84cm, and the length is approx 125cm.It can be weighed from 19kg- 64kg.
7. Lion-tailed macaque
Found: The long-tailed macaque was found in 1821 by sir Thomas.
Location: The long-tailed macaque is native to southeastern Asia and Indian subcontinents and Bangladesh. They are also found in west African countries.
Species: They have many species like Rhesus macaque, Japanese macaque, bonnet macaque, etc.
Habitat: They have been found been primary forests and coastal areas of plains. They can be only found in the forest on the trees above sea level.
Population: According to the survey around 35,000 mature individuals are left total in India.
Body: The length of the species is around 38-55cm with short arms and legs and their weight may vary from 6- 10kg.
8. Niligiri blue robin
Found: The Nilgiri blue robin was found in 1844 by Thomas C. Jerdon.
Location: The Nilgiri blue robin is found in higher hills of southern India mainly in the shola forests and in the north of the Palghat gap.
Species: The types of Nilgiri blue robin are a white-bellied blue robin, Nilgiri laughing thrush, Nilgiri flycatcher, etc.
Habitat: They prefer natural habitat like forest patches in the valleys of high altitude grasslands known as sholas. They can also be seen on the altitude of 1200m in the higher hill ranges of western ghats.
Population: According to the last survey in 2016 5,700 species are left as mature individuals.
Body: The length of the bird is 5 to 6cm and weight may vary from 150gm- 250gm.
9. Sangai deer
Found: The Sangai deer was found in 1898 in the Manipur state only.
Location: The Sangai deer is only found in the Manipur state of India. It is also the state animal of Manipur.
Species: They have types of species such as Nilgiri Thar, Barasingha, etc.
Habitat: Its original natural habitat is the floating marshy grasslands of the Keibul Lamjao National Park, located in the southern parts of the Loktak Lake, which is the largest freshwater lake in eastern India.
Population: The Sangai deer has a total population of 1,500 in Manipur state. There were only 10 deers left in 1975 but steps were taken by govt. To save the species and now it has been removed from the fear of extinction.
Body: The Sangai deer has a length of 100- 110cm. Their weight may vary from 95kg -110kg.
10. Kashmir stag
Found: The Kashmir stag was founded in 1906 by Tomy Charles.
Location: It is found in dense riverine forests in the high valleys and mountains of the Kashmir Valley and northern Chamba district in Himachal Pradesh.
Species: It doesn’t have further species but has the same sense as Nilgiri Thar, etc.
Habitat: This deer lives in groups of two to 18 individuals in dense riverine forests, high valleys, and mountains of the Kashmir valley
Population: There is only 237 Kashmir stag left by the data of the latest count in 2019.
Body: They have a length of 250- 350cm and weight also varies from 45- 65kg.
You can also know about the most endangered animals and their facts on this page- http://www.beingjungle.com/category/endangered-species/
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